Theoretical Application

CPAP Performance Objective
Apply theory to practice in a range of settings.

Evaluation Criteria
1.  Demonstrate the application of theory to practice in context.
2.  Describe connections between course concepts and individual professional experiences.
3.  Provide progress reports describing internship experience. (Not Applicable)

Artifact 5:  Montgomery County Budget Analysis
Budgeting is an area where my knowledge and experience prior to attending the MPA program was limited.  I had prepared agency-level and project budgets, and had a base understanding of funding mechanisms, but the larger lens has always been someone else's purview.  As part of the Budgeting course, we were required to blend theoretical principles into the analysis of an actual budget. The analysis also included reviewing the budget against the Government Finance Officers Association's Distinguished Budget Presentation award criteria.  Although happening concurrently with PAPA 6314, the theories learned in the course allowed the Radio Working Group to save nearly $200 thousand in taxpayer funds.

Artifact 11:  Current Event Essays
In PAPA 5014, Dr. Adam Eckerd required a number of essays. In each essay, we were required to apply the theoretical concepts to a current event.  These essays represent an important step in my academic journey, as they represent my first writings that focus explicitly on public administration theory. Friedrich - Finer and Gormley are key theoretical frameworks of public administration; being able to understand and apply them to real-world events was initially a challenge to me. 

Artifact 12:  PAPA 5316 Midterm Essay Exam Response
PAPA 5316 provided an opportunity to explore theories relevant to organizations.  Dr. Lemaire’s midterm exam provided an opportunity to discuss some of the relevant theories in the context of Longshop McCoy Fire Rescue, of which I am a member.  The first question discussed the various approaches to determining organizational effectiveness. I used the theoretical knowledge to explain the benefits and pitfalls if applied to my organization, thereby fulfilling both evaluation criteria.  Longshop McCoy Fire Rescue’s quality improvement program is centered around the conclusion of this question, and utilizes a variety of evaluation methods as part of maintaining licensure as a public safety agency.  The answer to the second question builds off the first, and dives deeper into the goal approach.


Artifact 13, Reexamining Rulemaking in an Era of Internet Enabled Participation
The final artifact submitted for consideration is an article authored by Dr. Sara Jordan for which I served as a co-author. The work of Gormley has framed discussions about the actors who participate in the policymaking process for nearly 30 years.  Changes in technology have given potential actors greater access to proposed policy; this paper looks specifically at how Gormley's typology is impacted by e-rulemaking.  The regular and irregular actors who engaged with five dockets on Regulations.Gov were analyzed to determine whether Gormley's groupings remain relevant.  We also identified a concept called "manufactured salience" in which an external group motivates irregulars within its sphere of influence to act in a specific manner.  This manuscript has been accepted by Public Performance and Management Review for publication and we have completed the revise and resubmit process.